(南京财经大学 食品科学与工程学院/江苏省现代粮食流通与安全协同创新中心/ 江苏高校粮油质量安全控制及深加工重点实验室, 江苏 南京 210023)
(College of Food Science and Engineering/Collaborative Innovation Center for Modern Grain Circulation and Safety/Key Laboratory of Grains and Oils Quality Control and Processing, Nanjing University of Finance and Economics, Nanjing 210023, China)
Edible mushroom is a kind of macrofungi with different varieties, which is rich in nutrition and has delicious taste and abundant active substances. Some significant breakthroughs have been made for the breeding and industrialized cultivation techniques of edible mushroom in the last ten years in China, leading to the rapid increase of edible mushroom production. However, fresh edible mushroom is still the main consumption pattern in China, which accompanied with the weak processing chain, low processing rate, less processed products, and low-value products of edible mushroom. These lead to the overstock of fresh mushroom and the instability for mushroom industry. Less profits of edible mushroom during foreign exports and domestic market seriously restrict the further development of the edible mushroom industry. This article has reviewed the main problems and the current development situation of the edible mushroom industry in China, and then analyzed the development tendency and prospects for the edible mushroom processing industry. This paper will provide guidances for the stable and healthy development of edible mushroom industry in future.