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  • 尚艳娥,杨卫民.CAC、欧盟、美国与中国粮食中真菌毒素限量标准的差异分析[J].食品科学技术学报,2019,37(1):10-15.    [点击复制]
  • SHANG Yan’e,YANG Weimin.Variation Analysis of Cereals Mycotoxin Limit Standards of CAC,EU,USA, and China[J].Journal of Food Science and Technology,2019,37(1):10-15.   [点击复制]
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CAC、欧盟、美国与中国粮食中真菌毒素限量标准的差异分析
尚艳娥,杨卫民
0
(北京市粮油食品检验所, 北京 100162;国家粮食局标准质量中心, 北京 100037)
摘要:
真菌毒素是真菌产生的毒性次级代谢产物,危害较大的有黄曲霉毒素、赭曲霉毒素A、单端孢霉烯族毒素、玉米赤霉烯酮、伏马毒素和麦角类生物碱等。制定真菌毒素的限量标准是真菌毒素一级预防的主要措施。通过对CAC、欧盟、美国和中国粮食中真菌毒素限量标准的对比分析,找出我国现行食品安全国家标准中有关粮食真菌毒素污染控制指标存在的差异,对修订我国粮食中真菌毒素含量的限量标准提供参考和借鉴。
关键词:  粮食  真菌毒素  限量标准  差异分析  黄曲霉毒素
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.2095-6002.2019.01.002
投稿时间:2018-10-11
基金项目:
Variation Analysis of Cereals Mycotoxin Limit Standards of CAC,EU,USA, and China
SHANG Yan’e,YANG Weimin
(Beijing Grain and Oil Food Inspection Institute,Beijing 100162,China;State Grain Bureau Standard Quality Center,Beijing 100037,China)
Abstract:
Mycotoxins are toxic secondary metabolites produced by fungi, and among the most harmful are aflatoxin, ochratoxin A, trichothecenes, zearalenone, fumonision, ergot alkaloid and so on. The establishment of the limit standard for mycotoxins is the main measure for the primary prevention of mycotoxins. Through the comparison and analysis of CAC,European Union, the United States and China's grain mycotoxins limit standards, this study has found out the existing gaps in China's current national food safety standards concerning the mycotoxins pollution index of grains, and provided references for the revision of China's grain mycotoxins limit standards.
Key words:  cereal  heavy metals  limit standards  variation analysis  cadmium